I need info on Super Computer(Linux):
-History and background
-Changes from the time it first started up till the current version today.
-Graphical User Interface
-Any outstanding/interesting feature(s) of the OS.
I understood you need information on using linux OS in different supercomputer systems.
Short history of supercomputers in general is on page
http://www.linuxgazette.com/node/9721 tells us more about the history of supercomputers and linux, for example:
"Clustering technology enabled large number of Linux machines to be combined into a single computing entity, a parallel computer. In April 1996, researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory used Linux to run 68 PCs as a single parallel processing machine to simulate atomic shock waves.But unlike other Supercomputers costing a fortune, it was rather cheap. The do-it-yourself supercomputer cost only $152,000, including labor (connecting the 68 PCs with cables)-about one tenth the price of a comparable commercial machine. It reached a peak speed of 19 billion calculations per second, making it the 315th most powerful supercomputer in the world. And it was a robust one too. Three months later it still didn't have to be rebooted."
A basic article on supercomputing and Linux is on page
Comparing using linux on "traditional" supercomputers, like CRAY, IBM, etc. with using it on cluster supercomputers is discussed on page
Two articles on different linux-based supercomputers (2002 and 2004):
Check this recent discussion too:
The next books should be useful although we don't have them here in HelMet, but they can be found in the University Library:
Linux Clustering: Building and Maintaining Linux Clusters
by Charles Bookman
Sams; 1st edition (June 25, 2002)
Building Linux Clusters
By David HM Spector
1st Edition July 2000
And finally, the latest supercomputer innovations are listed here: